The officer on special duty (Judicial)

                                Governor’s Secretary


Subject – Regarding implementation & revised syllabus & history under choice based credit system (CBCS) in the universities & Bihar.

Reference – Letter No. B.S.U (Regulation) 20/2018 . 2015/ (gs) (1), dated 30.07.2018


                With reference to the subject noted above, the proposed syllabus for the post graduate classes (M.A. in History) under choice based credit system (CBCS) was discussed, revised and finalized in the meeting of the expert’s committee held in the Raj Bhawan at 11 A.M on 06.08.18. the name is being forwarded for the kind purposal and necessary approval.

                                                                                                                                                Thanking you,

                                                                                                                                                Your faithfully                                                                                                                                                                                    P.K. Poddar

                                                                                                                                                (Governor)                                                                                                                                                                                         Head, Dept & History                                                                                                                                                                     Patna University.


                      M.A. HISTORY


                      UNDER CBCS


                 THE UNIVERSITIES

                        OF BIHAR                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Prepared By :

the Review Committee comprising of

 (1) Dr. P.K. Poddar

Dept. of History, Patna University

. Patna (Convener)

(2) Dr. Ratneshwar Mishra (Retd.)

Dept. of History, L.N.M.U. Darbhanga

 (3) Dr. Amarnath Singh (Retd.)

Head, Dept. of History, Patna University, Patna

 (4) Dr. Maya Shankar

Dept. of History, Patna University, Patna

(5) Dr. Daisy Banerjee

Dept. of History, Patna University, Patna                             

          CBCS Scheme of Examination and Courses of Study for the M.A.      Examination  in History                                                                                           

The History syllabus comprises 14 Core courses (CC). two Elective courses (EC) are Generic Elective (GE)

or Discipline Specific Elective Course (DSE), one Ability Enhancement Course (AEC) and two ability

 Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC) in two years. The students will be evaluated through end-

 semester examination/project evaluation and the teaching will be structured accordingly.

Structure of the 2 Yrs (Four Semester) Post Graduate Degree course under CBCS:


No. of Course/Papers

Credit Per Course/ Paper

Total Credit

Minimum No. of Learning Hours#

No. of Core Course/ Paper

No. of Course/ Paper

Code of Nature of Elective Course/Paper








AECC – 1

                                                                               Semester Break








AEC – 1

                                                                                  Semester Break








AECC – 2

                                                                                   Semester Break








EC – 1

EC – 2

DSE – 1


GE – 1










Core Course (CC): A course which should compulsorily be studied by a candidate as a core requirement on the basis

of subject of MA studies and is termed as a Core course.

Elective Course (EC): Generally a course which can be chosen from a pool of courses (Basket) and which may be

very specific or specialized or advanced or supportive to the subject/discipline of study or which provides an

 extended scope or which enables an exposure to some other subject/discipline/domain or nurtures the candidate’s

proficiency/skill is called an Elective Course.

Discipline Specific Elective Course (DSE): Elective courses may be offered by the main discipline/subject of study is referred to as Discipline Specific Elective. The University Institute may also offer discipline related Elective courses of interdisciplinary nature (to be offered by main discipline/subject of study).

Generic Elective (GE) Course: An elective course chosen generally from an unrelated discipline/subject, with an intention to seek exposure is called a Generic Elective.

P.S.: A core course offered in a discipline/subject may be treated as an elective by other discipline/subject and vice versa and such electives may also be referred to as Generic Elective.

Ability Enhancemer Courses (AEC): The Ability Enhancement Courses (AEC) / Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC). “AEC” courses are the courses based upon the content that leads to life skiIl enhancement.

Ability Enhancemut Compulsory Courses(AECC): University will run a number of Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC) which is qualifying in nature and student from all faculties have to qualify in all courses.

Dissertation Project/ internship / industrial Training: An elective course designed to acquire special/advanced knowledge, such as supplement study/support study to a project work. and a candidate studies such a course on his own with an advisory support by a teacher / faculty member is called dissertation/project.

The distribution of the six elective papers shall be – two EC, one DSE or one GE, two AECC, one AEC. Students may opt for any elective course out of a list of elective papers (Basket) offered by the parent department or any other department/a as per his/her choice with the prior permission of the parent department.

The final CGPA / class will be decided on the performance of the student in the 16 courses including the 14 Core Courses (CC) and two ECs.

The one DSE or one GE, two AECC, one AEC courses will be qualifying in nature and a student has to score at least 45% marks in these courses. Grades will be awarded separately for these courses, however, performance in these elective courses will not be considered for awarding the final CGPA/class.


Semester 1: CC – 1 to CC- 4 plus AECC-I

Semester 2: CC – 5 to CC- 9 plus AEC-I

Semester 3 : CC – 10 to CC-14 plus AECC-2

Semester 4: EC-l and EC – 2 plus DSE- I or GE-I

Evaluation of Performance Under Semester System

The performance of a student in each paper will be assessed on the basis of a Continuous Internal

Assessment (CIA) of 30 marks and the End of Semester Examination (ESE) consisting of 70 marks

The components of C.I.A. are follows :

(i) Two mid-semester written tests of one hour duration each = 15 Marks

(ii) Seminar/Quiz                                                                                 = 05 Marks

(iii) = Assignment                                                                                 = 05 Marks

(iv) Punctuality and conduct                                                              = 05 Marks

Total                                                                                                       = 30 Marks

The performance of a student in the: elective papers AEC and AECC in each semester addressing the issues of

i. Skill Development,

ii. Human Values and Professional Ethics and Gender Sensitization

iii. Environment and Sustainability and Swachchha Bharat Abhiyan Activities shall be assessed on the

basis of a continuous Internal Assessment (CIA) of 50 marks and the End Semester Examination (ESE)

consisting of 50 marks.

The components of C.IA. in these papers shall be as follows:

(i) One mid-semester written tests of one hour duration each = 10 Marks

(ii) Seminar/Quiz                                                                                 = 10 Marks

(iii) Assignment                                                                                    = 15 Marks

(iv) Discharge of Institutional Social Responsibility

/Community Services (report to be submitted)                            = 15 Marks

Total                                                                                                       = 50 Marks



The End of Semester Examination (ESE) shall be named as follows:

(a) M.A. Part (I) – Semester I Examination and Semester IJ Examination respectively :

(b) M.A. Part (II) – Semester [11 Examination and Semester IV Examination respectively ..

(c) Syllabus for each paper shall be divided into at least 5 units. Based on this, the question paper

pattern for the End Semester Examination shall be divided into three parts A, B,C comprising

of objective type questions with multiple choice, short answer type questions and long answer

type questions respectively as mentioned below :


Nature of questions

Number of questions to be asked

Number of questions to be answered

Marks of each question

Total marks

Part – A

Objective type questions with multiple choice





Part – B

Short answer type questions





Part – C

Long answer type questions





Total Marks



Ten objective type Questions – All questions to be answered (Questions shall be picked up from

the whole syllabus

Preferably two questions from each unit) 10 x 1=10 marks


Five short Answer Questions – Four questions to be answered (Questions shall be picked up

from the whole syllabus

preferably one question from each unit) 4×6 = 24 marks


Four long answer Questions -Three questions to be answered. (Questions shall be picked up

from the whole syllabus

preferably one question from each unit) 3 x12 = 36 marks

MA. History

Semester — 1

CC-1: Historiography |

CC-2: History of Early Civilizations and Medieval world.

CC-3: Early Medieval India

CC-4: Science & Technology in India

AECC — 1 : Environmental Sustainability (3 Credits) &

Swachchh Bharat Abhiyan Activities (2 Credits)

Semester – 2

CC-5: History of Ideas.

CC-6: History of Europe & Modern world.

CC-7: History of Bihar (from the Earliest time).

CC-8: Society and Economy in Indian History.

CC-9: Contemporary India – 1947 onwards

AEC 1: – IT Skill Development

Semester 3

CC-10: National Movement in India

CC-11: Indian Historians

CC-12: South Asia – 1950 onwards.

CC-13: USA-— 1860 – 1990

CC-14: Revolution and Revolutionary thought.

 DSE-2: Human Values & Professional Ethics (3 Credits) & Gender Sensitization (2 Credits)

Semester — 4

Elective Course (EC) – 1

a) Tribal Movements.

 b) Dalit Movements

c) Gender Movements

 d) Environmental Movements

Elective Course (EC) – 2

a) Indian Theatre

 b) Indian Cinema

 c) Media

d) Human Rights





                                                       DETAILED COURSE OF STUDY

                                                                 M.A. Semester 1

CC -I : Historiography (70 Marks) 5 credits

The students are required to attempt:

Q.1 :(Compulsory) Ten Multiple Choice Questions from each unit                           10 x 1= 10 Marks

Q.2 : (Compulsory) Any four short-answer questions with reference to the           4 x 6=24 Marks

context requiring critical analysis

Q.3 : (Compulsory) Any three Long-answer                                                                     3 x 12 = 36 Marks

                                                                CC -I: Historiography

Unit – I Definition & Meaning of History

Meaning & Nature of History

History as Narrative.

Sources, Use and Misuse of History

Objectivity and Subjectivity in History.

Unit – II Theories of History

Speculative and Critical Philosophy

Cyclical and Linear History

Orientalist, Nationalist

Marxist and Neo — Marxist

Unit – III Fundamentals of History


Oral History


Chance in History

Unit – IV Practice of History

History of Ideas



Historians Craft

Unit – V New Approaches


(Structuralism) & Post-Modernism


 Post colonialism





Suqgested Readings:

1. E.H. Car,                                                What is History (also in Hindi)

2. Arthur Marwick,                                      Nature of History.

3. R.G. Collingwood,                                  The Idea of Past

4. B. Sheik Ali,                                           History’ Its Theory and Methods

5. Shridharan,                                            Indian Historiography

6. Lal Bahadur Verma,                               Understanding History

7. Lal Bahadur Verma,                               Itihas ke Bare mai

8. Irfan Habib,                                               Interpreting Indian History

9. D.D. Kosambi,                                           History and Society.

10. Ranjit Guha,                                           Subaltern Studies Volumes.

11. Budh Prakash                                         Itihas Darsan

12. Govind Chandr Pandey                         Itihas swaroop Evam Sidhant

13. Jharkhand Chobey                                 Itihas Darsan

14. Parmanand Singh                                   Itihas Darsan

15. John. Tosh,                                           The Pursuit of History.

16. G.H Sabine,                                          A History of Political theory

17. B.K. Jha                                                Pramukh Rajniti Chintak, 2 Bhago mai

18. Gangadutt Tiwari

19. Edward Said,                                      Orientalism.

20. Leela Gandhi                                    Postcolonial theory : A critical introduction]


Unit – I Egyptian Civilization

Sources for the study of ancient Egyptian history.

The Dynasties of ancient Egypt-An Outline.

Old Kingdom-With reference to Pyramid Age.

The Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom-Mai

features with special reference to Thutmose |

and Religious innovations of Akhnaton.

Unit – II Mesopotamian Civilization

Sources for the Study of the Mesopotamia


The Semites and the achievements of Sargon o


Hammurabi and his Law Code.

Rise and decline of the Assyrian empire.

Unit – III Harappan Civilization

Theories related to the origin of the Harappa


 Geographical extent of the civilization with specia

reference to some of the important sites

Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Kalibangan, Rakhigarh

Lothal & Dholavira.

Main features of the civilization – economy society, town – planning & religion

Decline of the civilization

Unit – IV Medieval Europe



Origin & Growth

Features and decline of Feudalism

Crusades — causes and effects

Revival of urban centres.





Unit – V Medieval Islam

(A.D. 600 – 1200 A.D.)



Rise of Islam in the 7″ Century

Origin & Development of Caliphate (632-661 A.D

Main features of the Umayyad Caliphate (66

750 A.D.)

Abbasid Caliphate — nature & significance.

Cultural and Literary contributions of the Arabs


Suggested Readings:

1.      J.H. Breasted                       A History of Egypt

2.      M. Murray                          The Splendour that was Egypt.

3.      V. Gorden Childe                 New Light on the most Ancient East (also in Hindi)

4.      Georges Roux                        Ancient Iraq.

5.      Sushil Madhav Pathak            

6.      C.P.N Sinha

7.      Dhanpati Pandey

8.      Walter A. Fairservis, Jr           The Roots of Ancient India

9.      Kiran Thaplayal                      

10.  Allchin & Allchin                     Birth of Indian Civilization.

11.  R.N. Nandi                               Aryans Revisited.

12.  Thompson and Johnson           An Introduction to Medieval Europe (300-1500 AD)

13.  Stephenson and Lyod              Medieval History

14.  Martin Scott                            Medieval Europe

15.  S.C. Easton                              A Brief History of the Western World

16.  John Bowle                              History of Europe

17.  M. Keen                                   A Pelican History of Medieval Europe

18.  Dhanpati Pandey                     Madhyakalin Europe

19.  V. Virotam                               Madhyakalin Europe

20.  Thomas Arnold                        The Legacy of Islam

21.  Asghar Ali Engineer                The Origin and Development of Islam

22.  P.K. Hitti                                  History of the Arabs

23.  Bernard Lewis                         Arabs in History

24.  M.A. Shaban                            Islamic History (600-750 AD)

25.  K.P. Sahu        














                                CC -3 : Earty MEDIEVAL INDIA (600 — 1200 A.D.)

Unit – I Approaches to Early Medieval Indian

Transition from Ancient to Early Medieval India.

 Harshavardhan— Sources, Extent of Empire &


The Palas — Cultural contributions

Unit – II The Rajputs

Origin of the Rajputs,

 Political history of

a. The Gurjara Pratiharas

b. Chandellas &

c. Chauhans

Unit – III Ascendancy of the South

Political history of the Pallavas, the Rashtrakutas

& the Cholas

Society, Economy & Administration. Shankaracharya

Unit – IV India & the Arabs

Political contact

Cultural contact

Unit – V Regional Styles of Art & Architecture

Temple Architecture



Suggested Readings:

1.      Ram Sharan Sharma         Early Medieval Indian Scoiety

2.      Ram Sharan Sharma         Purvmadhykalin Samnti Samaj aur Sanskriti

3.      R.S. Tripathi                      History of Kanauj

4.      D Devahuti                        Harsha – A Political Study

5.      R.C. Mazumdar                 History of Bengal, Vol. 1

6.      C. Minakshi                       The Pallavas of Kanchi

7.      K.A.N Shastri                     A History of South India (in Hindi also)

8.      K.A.N Shastri                     The Cholas

9.      N.R Ray                             History of the Bengal People

10.  T Watters                          On Yuan Chwang’s travels

11.  Q. Ahmad (ed)                  India of Alberuni

12.  Burton Stein                      Essays on south Indian History

13.  R Champaklakshmi           Trade, Ideology and urbanization: south India 300 BC – AD1300

14.  Awadh Kishore Prasad      Chol Prasasn evam samaj

15.  Om Prakash Prasad          Decay and Revival of urban centers in Early South

India (6001200AD)

16.  B.P Mazumdar                  Socio – Economic History of Northern India

17.  B.D Chattopadhyaya         Indian Feudalism

18.  R.S Sharma                        Indian feudalism

19.  S.C Roy,                                Dynastic History of Northern India

20.  B.N.S Yadav,                       Society and Culture in North India in the 12th century

21.  H.R Hall,                              Trade and State Craft in the age of the Cholas

22.  Prasanta Gaurav               Purv Madhyakalin bharat


Unit – I Science and Technology in Ancient India

Iron Technology as an Agent of Change

Agriculture soil, Technology, Tools, Irrigational Measure.

Unit – II Progress of Sc. and Tech. during Medieval

Scientific Activities during Sultanate

Period Period

Devices and technology during Mughal


Unit – III Indian Perception and Interpretation of Western Science and Technology

Growth of Scientific and Technological

Western Science and Technology growth of Education

Progress of science and technology in

modern India-Transport,

Communication, Environment &


Unit – IV Major Scientific achievements in contemporary India

Agriculture, Space, Industry and Telecommunications.

Unit – V Some Indian Scientists

Jivak, Charak, Aryabhatta, Al Biruni,Abul Fazl, J.C. Bose, C.V. Raman

Suggested Readings:

1.       Arnold David                                                      Science, Technology and Medicine in Colonial India.

2.       D.P Chattopadhyaya                                       History of Science in India in 2 vols.

3.       V.K. Thakur(ed)                                                                Science, Technology and Medicine in Indian History

4.       Satya Prakash                                                   

5.       Pratik Gaurav

6.       O.P Jaggi                                                              Science and Technology in Medieval India

7.       Irfan Habib (ed.)

8.       Irfan Habib                                                          Science and Technology during Mughal Period.

9.       A. Rahman

10.   A. Rahman

11.   A.K. Biswas                                                         Science in India

12.   Dharmapal                                                          Indian Science and Technology in the 18th century

13.   Anil Kumar                                                          Disease and Medicine in India ; A Historical Overview

14.   Gyan Prakash                                                    Another Reason: Science and the Imagination

15.   S.N Sen                                                                Scientific and Technical Education in India

16.   R.S. Anderson                                                   Building Scientific Institutions in India.

17.   S. Sangwan                                         Science, Technology and Colonization: Indian Experience.

Ability Enhancement Compulsory (Course (AECC) 1:

Environmental Sustainability (3 Credits)

&. Swachchha Bharat Abhiyan Activities (2 Credits)

                                                     Semester 2

                                                 (Even Semester)

                                           CC -5 : HISTORY OF IDEAS

Unit – I History of Ideas, Ancient and Medieval

Plato: Ideal state

 Kautilya : Saptanga Theory of State

St. Augustine : State

Unit – II Modern Ideas

Machiavelli — State

Hobbes — Locke

Rousseau — General Will

M.K. Gandhi — State

B.R. Ambedkar — Social Justice

Unit – III Utilitarians

Jeremy Bentham

 J.S. Miil

Unit – IV Dialecticals


Karl Marx

Unit – V Liberals

M.K. Gandhi — State

B.R. Ambedkar — Social Justice










Suggested Readings:

1. C.L. Wayper                                                 — Political Thought

2. G.H. Sabine                                                  — A History of Political Theory

3. Bertrand Russell                                          —  A History of Western Phelosophy



 6. C.E.M. Joad                                                 — Guide to the Philosophy of the Morals and Politics.

7. M. Lancaster                                               — Masters of Political Thought.

8. V.R. Mehta                                                  — Foundations of Indian Political Thought

 9. V.P. Verma                                                — Studies in Hindu Political Thought and its Metaphysical


10. V.P. Verma                                                — Modern Indian Political Thought.

 11. R. Vaughan                                             — A History of Political Thought.

 12. N.K. Bose                                                 — Studies in Gandhism

13. K.P . Karunakaran                                    — New Perspectives on Gandhi.

14. B.P.Sinha                                                    — Studies in Kautilya’s Arthasastra.

15. Robert L. Heilbroner                                   — The Worldly Philosophers.

16. R.K. Chaudhary                                          — Political Ideas and Institutions in Kautilyas Arthasastra.

17.  E. Barker                                                     — Plato and his Predecessors

18. E B arker                                                         — Aristotle’s Politics.

19. E. Barker                                                     — Greek Political Theory. :

 20. An tonio Gramsci                                     — Selections from Prison Notebooks.

21. Chou – Hsiang-Kang                                   — Political Thought of China. .

22. Louis Al thuser                                             — For Marx.

23. Ant hony Giddens                                      — Modern Political Idieas, 2 Vols. :

 24. D. McLellan                                                — The Thought of Karl Marx.

25. Dhan anjay Keer                                          — Dr. B.R. Ambedkar : Life and Mission

27. R.S. Sharma                                                  — Aspects of Political Ideas and Institutions in Ancient India.

28. W ill Durant                                                   — Story & Philosphy

29. Karl R. P opper                                             — The Poverty of Historicism )

30. Karl R. Po pper                                             — The Open Society and its Enemies

31. J.S. Mill                                                         — Utilitarianism.

32. Edw ard Said                                               — Orientalism.

33. Leela Gan dhi                                              — Post Colonial Theory.

34. Andre Gunder Frank                                   — Orient

                       CC -6 : History of Europe and modern world 1919-2000

Unit – I Post World War I Developments

Paris Peace Conference and the Peace


League of Nations.

French Quest for Security and Locarno

Pact 1925.

Impact of Economic Depression in 1930

Unit – II Rise of Totalitarianism in Europe

Rise of Mussolini and the Fascist policy

Rise of Hitler and Nazism

Causes and significance of the Spanish

Civil War.

Unit – III History of Russia till 1945

USSR under Lenin, & Stalin

Unit – IV World War Il and its Aftermath




Unit – V Cold War and NAM

Origin and manifestation of Cold War.

Disintegration of the Soviet Union

Non-Aligned Movement -— Origin,

Concept and Relevance.

Suggested Readings:

1.      F. Lee Benns                                        Europe since 1914.

2.      A.J.P. Taylor                                        Origins of the Second World War.

3.      E.M. Barns                                          Western Civilization, vol-3.

4.      E.H. Carr         International Relations between the Two World Wars- 1919, 1939.

5.      Norman Lowe                                     Mastering Modern World History.

6.      G.M.S. Hardy                                       Short History of International Affairs 1920-1939.

7.      S.N. Dhar                                 International Relations and World Politics since 1919.

8.      Partha Sarthi Gupta                            Europe ka Ithihas, Bhag – 2

9.      Lal Bahadur Verma                             Europe ka Ithihas, Bhag – 2

10.  Devendr Singh Chauhan                     Samakalin Europe, Bhag – 2

11.  C. Woodroff                                        Modern World

12.  M. Marriot                                          International Relations between the Two World Wars.





                                             CC -7 : HISTORY OF BIHAR

                                (FROM THE EARLIEST TIME TO 1947 A.D.)

Unit – I History of Bihar

State formation in Bihar

Growth of the Kingdom of Magadh from 6″

Century BC — 200 BC

Archaeology & History of Pataliputra

Nalanda, Vikramshila.

Unit – II History of Bihar under the Sultanate and Mughals

Educational centres of early Medieval Bihar

Contributions of Afghans & Mughals.

 Karnatas of Mithila

Sufism and its impact on Bihar


Patna — Azimabad as Socio-cultural Centre

Unit – III Beginning of Modern Bihar

Early European Trading Companies in Bihar.

Impact of permanent settlement of 1973. Revolt of 1857 — Role of Veer Kunwar Singh

Unit – IV Creation of Modern Bihar (1912)

Role of Bihari Press

Makers of Modern Bihar with Special reference

to Sachchidanand Sinha, Mahesh Narayan and

Ali Imam

Unit – V National Movement in Bihar.

Champaran Movement

Non-Cooperation Movement

Civil Disobedience Movement.

Quit India Movement

Kisan Sabha Movement

Suggested Readings:

1.       B.P. Sinha(ed.)                                          Comprehensive History of Bihar vol.1, Part I-Il

2.       D.R. Patil                                                      Antiquarian Remains in Bihar

3.       R.R Diwakar                                                                Bihar Through the Ages

4.       Q. Ahmad                                                    Patna Through the Ages

5.       R.K Chaudhary                                          History of Bihar

6.       R.K. Chaudhary                                         University of Vikramshila

7.       Yogendra Mishra                                      An Early History of Vaishali

8.       R.S Sharma                                                 The State and Varna Formation in the Mis-Ganga                Plains(also

in Hindi)

9.       S.H Askari and Qeyamuddin Ahmad(ed.) Comprehensive History of Bihar, vol-ll, Part-I & Il

10.   K.K Dutta and V.A. Narain(ed.)          Comprehensive History of Bihar vol.llI, Parts | & Il

11.   V.K. Thakur                                                 Urbanization in Ancient India.

12.   Pramodanand Das evam Kumar Amrendr                     Bihar: Ithihas evam Sanskriti

13.   Amarnath Singh                                        History of Gaya

14.   Upendra Thakur                                       History of Mithila

15.   K.K. Datta                                                    Biography of Kunwar Singh and Amar Singh.

16.   J.N. Sarkar                                                   Glimpses of Medieval Bihar Economy

17.   S. Gopal                                                       Patna in the 19th century

18.   K.K. Datta                                                    History of Freedom Movement in Bihar (also in Hindi)

19.   S.N. Arya                                                     Some Aspects of Socio-Economic significance of the

pilgrimage of Gaya in the early

20.   Ranjan Sinha                                              Aspects of Society and Economy of Bihar ( 1765- 1856 )

21.   Kumar Ran Vijoy                                       Role of the Middle Class in Nationalist Movement (1912- 1947).

22.   R.S. Sharma                                                                Madhy chetr Mai Rajy Ki Sanrachna


Unit – I Society

Artisan classes in Ancient & Medieval India

Sudras in Ancient India

Women through the Ages

Unit – II Art and Architecture

Mauryan Art

Temple Structure

Mughal Art and Architecture

Modern Art and Architecture

Unit – III Trade and Commerce

Trade and Trading centres in Ancient &

Medieval Period

History of Currency in India

Banking in Modern India

Unit – IV Agraian Changes

Agriculture in Ancient period

Agrarian Relations in the Medieval period

Peasant movements in the Modern period

Unit – V Industrial Development

Agriculture in Ancient period

Agrarian Relations in the Medieval period

 Peasant movements in the Modern period











Suggested Readings:

1.       R.C. Majumdar                                              Corporate Life in Ancient India

2.       R.Champakalakshni                                     Trade, Ideology and Urbanization

3.       V. Ramaswamy                                             Textiles and Weavers in Medieval South India

4.       R.S Sharma                                                     Indian Feudalism

5.       Devi Prasad Chatopdhyay                        Lokayat

6.       J.N Sarkar                                                        Mughal Economy

7.       D. Kumar                                                         The Cambridge Economic History of India

8.       Rajni Pam Dutt                                              Aaj ka Bharat

9.       Om Prakash Prasad evam prasant gaurav  Prachin Bharat ka samajik evam arthik ithihas

10.   R.S. Sharma                                                    Sudras in Ancient India

11.   D.D Kosambi                                                  Indian Numismatics

12.   N.R. Ray                                                           Maurya and Shunga Art

13.   Motichandra                                                  Trade and Trade Routes in Ancient India

14.   B.D Chattopadhyaya                                   Coins and Currency system in South India

15.   Qeyamuddin Ahmad                                  Alberuni’s India

16.   Dayaram                                                          The Status of Women in India

17.   Balkrishna                                                       Commercial Relations between India and England

18.   D.R Gadgil                                                       Origin of the Modern Indian Business Class.

19.   J. Sarkar                                                           Economics of British India

20.   Gyan Prakash Sharma                                                Peasants and the Indian Congress

21.   A.R Desai                                                         Peasant Strength in India

22.   V.K Thakur                                                      Peasants in Indian History











                                                    CC -9 CONTEMPORARY INDIA

Unit – I The Aftermath of the Partition and its legacy

Interpretations of Partition

Making of Indian Constitution

Integration of Princely States into

Indian Union.

Indian Foreign Policy-Evolution &


Unit – II State and Nation in the Context of Social Change

Linguistic State re-organization

Linguistic debates

Tribal Politics.

Ethnic and Regional Movements

Unit – III Social and Political dynamics of Democracy

Challenges to Indian Democracy

Caste and politics in Contemporary India.

Dalit Politics in Contemporary India

Unit – IV Gender and Politics in Contemporary India

Feminist Movements

Women’s search for Political Power


Unit – V Agricultural and Industrial Development

Land Reforms

Agrarian struggles

Economic Reforms

Suggested Readings:

1.       D.A. Lal and Howard                       Brasted, Freedom, Trauma, Continuities : North India and


2.       Bipon Chandra etc                           Indian After Independence (also in Hindi)

3.       Ramchandra Guha                           India After Gandhi

4.       Mushirul Hasan                                 Legacy of a Divided Nation : India’s Muslims since


5.       Ranbir Samadar                                A Biography of the Indian Nation.

6.       Romila Thapar                                   Another Millenium

7.       Paul Brass                                            The Language and Politics of India since Independence

8.       A.R. Desai                                            Agrarian Struggles in India after Independence

9.       Kumkum Sangari and Suresh Vaid            Recasting Women

10.   Nirja Gopal Jayal (ed)                     Democracy in India

11.   Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal (eds)          Nationalism, Democracy and Development : State and

Politics in India.

12.   Sunil Khilnani                                                     The Idea of India

13.   D.D. Basu                                                             The Constitution of India.

14.   Mushirul Hasan Nariki Nakazato (eds)    The Unfinished Agenda: Nation Building in South


15.   Ram Chandra Guha                                         India After Nehru.          

16.   Radha Kumar                                                     The History of Doing.

17.   Manoj Sinha                                                       Samakalin Bharat ek parichay

18.   N.N. Vohra and Sabysachi Battacharya(eds.)       Looking Back-India in 20″ Century (also in Hindi)

Ability Enhancement Compulsory (Course (AECC) 1:

                                                SEMESTER — III

                                    CC — 10 – INDIAN HISTORIANS

Unit – I Early Historians of India

Banbhatta –


 Ziyauddin Barani

Unit – II Nationalist Historians

K.P. Jayaswal

Jadunath Sarkar

Unit – III Liberals

S.H. Askari

R.C. Magumdar

K.K. Dutta

 Md. Habib

Unit – IV Marxists

RP Dutta

D.D. Kosambi

R.S. Sharma

 Bipan Chandra

Unit – V Feminists

Vina Mazumdar

Uma Chakarvarti

















Suggested Readings :

1.       V.S. Pathak                                                                 Ancient Historians of India.

2.       Shankar Goyal,                                                          Recent Historiography in Ancient India (also in


3.       A.K. Warder,                                                              Introduction of Indian Historiography.

4.       R.K. Mazumdar and A.N. Shrivastava              Historiography

5.       B.N. Puri,                                                                     Historiography of Ancient India.

6.       Bharti S. Kumar                                                         Historiography and Historians of Sultanate Period.

7.       K.A. Nilkantha Shastri,                                           A History of South India.

8.       E. Shreedharan,                                                        Indian Historiography

9.       Jadunath Sarkar,                                                      History of Aurangzeb, Vols-1 to 5.

10.   K.A. Nizami,                                                                                On History and Historians of Medieval India.

11.   Mohibul Hasan (ed),                                               Historians of Medieval India.

12.   Satish Chandra,

13.   Harbans Mukhia,                                                      Historians and Historiography during the Reign of


14.   Jagdish Narayan Sarkar,                                        History of History writing in Medieval India.

15.   Kiran Pawar,                                                               Jadunath Sarkar : A Profile.

16.   S.N. Mukherjee,                                                      Citizen Historian.

17.   Jay Shri Mishr           

18.   Sabyasachi Bhattacharya and Romila Th apar (eds.), Situating Indian History: For Sarvapalli


19.   Tarachand, Material and Ideological Factors in Indian History

20.   K.A. Nilkanth Shastri and H.S. Ramanna, H.S. Ramanna, Historical Method in Relation to Indian History.

21.   S.P. Sen (ed.)                                                             Modern Historiography

22.   S.P.Sen (ed.)                                                              Dictionary of National Biography (3 Vols.)

                         CC—11 – South Asia 1950 onwards

Unit – I Post-Colonial South Asian States and its Political process.










Unit – III Ethno-nationalist conflict with special  reference to religion





Unit – IV Globalization and its impact on the society and economy of South Asia with special reference to India.



Broadcasting -Media



Unit – V Indian Diaspora

Concept of Diaspora |

Categories of Indian Diaspora

India’s policy towards Diaspora

Suggested Readings:

1.       Sugata Bose and Ayesha Jalal-                    Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy.

2.       D.A. Low and Howard Brasted (ed.)-       Freedom Trauma, Continuities : Northern India                  and Independence

3.       Tai Yong Tan and Gyanesh Kudasiya        The After math of Partition in South Asia.

4.       Subho Basu and Suranjan Das (eds)-       Electoral Politics in South Asia.

5.       Ayesha Jalal,                                                      Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia :

                                                                              A Comparative and Historical Perspective.

6.       Mushirul Hasan and Nariaki Nakazata (eds) The Unfinished Agenda: Nationa Building in South


7.       Patricia Jeffery and Amrita Basu (esd)-   Appropriating Gender : Women’s Activism and

                                                                        Politicised Religion in South Asia.

8.       Stanley J. Tambiat,                                          Leveling Crowds : Ethnolnationalist Conflicts                  and  Collective Violence in South Asia.

9.       Stephen P. Cohen,                                          India Emerging Power.

10.   Achin Vanik,                                       India in a Changing World: Problems, Limits and

Successes of its Foreign Policy.

11.   Ranvir Samadar and Helmot Reifield (ed:s) Peace As Process : Reconciliation and Conflit

                                                                                Resolution in South Asia.

12.   Rita Manchanda (ed)-    Women, War and Peace in South Asia Beyond Victimhod

to Agency.

13.   Anuradha M. Chenoy                     Militarism and Women in South Asia.

14.   David Page, William Crawley                       Satellites our South Asia : Broadcasting, Culture and

Public Interest.

15.   Peter Van de Veer (ed)                 Nation and Migration : The Politics of Space in the South

Asian Diaspora.

16.   Carla Petievich (ed),                       The Expanding landscape : South Asia and the Diaspora.

17.    Vijay Prasad,                                     The Karma of Brown Folk.

18.   Amitava Kumar,                                                Passport Photos.

19.   Papiya Ghosh,                                   Partition and the South Asian Diaspora- Extending the


20.   Jackie Assayaag and Veronique Benei (eds Home in Diaspora, South Asian Scholars and the West.

21.   Stanely Wolpert,                              A New History of India.

22.    Bipan Chandra,                                India Since Independence.

23.   Aditya Mukherjee                           India Since Independence.

24.    Miridula Mukherjee                      India Since Independence.]

    CC—12 – UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1860-1990

Unit – I The American Civil War


Impact- Reconstruction and radical



Role of Abraham Lincoln.

Unit – II Post Civil War Period

Industrial growth and

transformation in the post

reconstruction period.

The progressive era.

Role of Theodore Roosevelt,

Woodrow Wilson and the


Unit – III Emergence of USA as a World Power

Overseas Expansion — China, Pacific

& Caribbean.

Relation with Japan.

U.S.A. in the First World War and

the Paris Peace Conference.

Unit – IV Economic Depression and IInd World War.

Causes and consequences of

economic depression of 1929.

 New Deal Policy of F.D. Roosevelt.

U.S.A. in the II”° World War and

the U.N.O.

The U.S.A. as a World Power.

Unit – V  People’s Movements

Civil Rights Movement.

Labour Movement.

Populist Movement.

 Feminist Movement.

Suggested Readings:

1.       J.S. Allen,                                                 Reconstruction, the Battle of Democracy, 1865-1876.

2.       H.K. Beale,                                              Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America World Power.

3.       K.M. Stampp,                                        The Era of reconstruction.

4.       J.H. Timberlave,                                    Prohibition and the Progressive Movement, 1900-1920.

5.       A. Tocqueville,                                      Democracy in America.

6.       N.J. Ware,                                               The Labour Movement in the United States.

7.       Henry Bamford Parke:                       A History of United States of America.

                               CC — 13 – NATIONAL MOVEMENT IN INDIA

UNIT — I Beginning of Indian Nationalism.

Features of Indian Nationalism

Types and Stages of Indian Nationalism

Anti-Colonial Movements — Pre-185/7

Movements, Wahabi, Farazi, Santhal

Congress — Moderates and Extremists.

Partition of Bengal and the Swadeshi


UNIT — II Gandhian Ideology and Movements

Gandhian Ideology : A Critique

Non-Cooperation Movement.

Civil Disobedience Movement

Quit India Movement

UNIT-III Revolutionaries and Left wing Movement

Revolutionary Movements.

Peasant Movements.

Working class Movements.

Left wing ideologies and Movements —

Communists and the Congress Socialists.


UNIT- IV Constitutional Changes and Nationalist Response

Indian Councils Acts of 1861, 1892 and


Government of India Act of 1919, Swarajists

Simon Commission, Nehru Report,

Communal Award.

Government of India Act, 1935, working of

Congress Ministries, Cripps Mission, Cabinet


UNIT-V Communal Politics and Partition

Emergence of Communal Consciousness.

Muslim League and Demand for Pakistan.

Hindu Mahasabha and R.S.S.

Reactions to Pakistan demand and Partition.

Suggested Readings:

1.       Sumit Sarkar,                                                     Modern India (also in Hindi).

2.       Bipan Chandra, Aditya Mukherjee           India’s Struggle for Freedom (also in Hindi)

3.       Bipan Chandra,                                                 Colonialism and Nationalism in India (also in Hindi)

4.       Shekhar Bandopadhyay                                                From Plassey to Partition (also in Hindi).

5.       Rajat K. Ray,                                                       The Felt Community.

6.       Rajat K. Ray,                                                       Urban Roots of Nationalism.

7.       A.R. Desai,                                                          Social Background of Indian Nationalism (also in Hindi)

8.       A.R. Desai,                                                          Agrarian Struggles in India

9.       Tarachand,                                                          Freedom in Movement in India 4 Vols, (also in Hindi)

10.   R.P. Dutt,                                                             India Today (also in Hindi)

11.   Anil Seal,                                                              Emergence of Indian Nationalism.

12.   Satya M. Rai                                                      

13.   K.N. Panikkar, (ed)                                          Left and Nationalist Movement in India.

14.   Bisheswar Prasad,                                           Bondage and Freedom, 2 Vols.

15.   Judith M. Brown,                                             Mahatma Gandhi and his Rise to Power.

16.   Gyanendra Pandey,                                        Construction of Communalism in a North Indian State.

17.   Mushirul Hasan,                                               Communalism and National Politics.

18.   G.N. Singh,                                                         Constitutional Development in Modern India

19.   B.B. Mishra,                                                        Administrative History of Modern India.

20.   Ayodhya Singh                                                  Bharat mein Mukti sangram


UNIT – I  English Revolution.

Civil War


Glorious Revolution

Bill of Rights, Acts of Settlement

UNIT – II  American Revolution

Constitution making

Despotism and Republicanism

Democracy & slavery

UNIT – III  Russian Revolution

Class and State


UNIT — IV Chinese Revolution

New Democracy

Cultural Revolution

UNIT – V Gandhian Ideology

Ahimsa, Swaraj

Swadeshi, Satyagraha

Suggested Readings:

Thomas Hobbes, Behemoth or the Long Parliament, Oxford : Clarendon Press; New York; Oxford

University Press, 2010.

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] : New York : Cambridge

University Press, 1988.

Vlademir 1 Lenin, State and Revolution, London : New York : Penguin, 1992.

Mao Tse Tung. Selected Works (Peking : Foreign Language Press, 1960s)

MK Gandhi Hind swaraj and Other Writing Cambridge; New York Cambridge University Press 2009.

Ability Enhancement Compulsory (Course (AECC) 2:

Human Values and Professional Ethics (3 Credits)

Gender Sensitization (2 Credits)

                                                            SEMESTER —IV

                                                       POPULAR MOVEMENTS

Elective Course (EC) – 1

Unit – I Tribal Movements

Pre 1857 tribal Movements — Kol, Santhal

Post 1857 — Birsa Munda, Tana Bhagat

Formation of Jharkhand State

Unit – II Dalit Movements


Early Dalit Movements in western India.

Early Dalit Movements in South India.

Ambedkar & Dalit Movement, Dalit


Unit – III Gender Movements in India

Women & social Reform Movements in

colonial India

Nationalism & Women With emphasis on

Gandhian phase

Women in Public & Private sphere

Unit – IV Environmental Movements

Pre & Post colonial environmental |

movements in India

 Environmental laws

Suggested Readings:

S.C. Malik (ed.), Dissent, Protest and Reform in Indian Civilisation.

S.M. Michael, Dalits in Modern India.

Ghanshyam Shah, Social Movements in India.

Gail Omvedt, Dalits nd the Democratic Revolution.

Ram chandra Guha and Madhav Gadgil : The Fissured land

Richard H grove, Vinita Damodran (ed.), : Satpal Sangwan & Nature and the Orient.

Y. Arnold (ad.),: Nature, Culture and Imperialism.

K. Suresh Singh (ed.), : Tribal Movements in India (2 Vols).

K.K. Datta : The Santal Insurrection of 1855-57.

J.C. Jha : The Kol Insurrection of Chotanagpur.

Geraldine Forbes : Women in Modern India.

Kumar Radha, The History of Doing : An Illustrated Account of Movements for Women’s Right and

Feminism in India 1800-1900 (Delhi), 1993 |

} Minault, Gail, Secluded Scholars : Women’s Education and Muslim Social Reform in Colonial India

’ (OUP), Delhi, 1998).

Sangari, Kumkum and Sudesh Vaid (eds) Recasting Women, Essays in Colonial History (Kali for

} Women, Delhi, 1989).

Kamla Bhasin : Understanding gender

Saberval, V.K. Et al ed., Battles over Nature, (Delhi) : Permanent Black 2003

                                               History of Expressions

Elective Course (EC)- 2

UNIT – I  Indian Theatre

Growth of Indian theatre in the colonial


Development of Indian theatre in post 1947


UNIT – II  Indian Cinema


Ideological & cultural history of Indian cinemé

Evolution of Indian cinema post 1947.

Globalization & its impact on Indian cinema

UNIT – III  Media


Print Media in Modern & Contemporary


Electronic Media in Modern & Contemporary


UNIT – IV  Human Rights

Concept & Definition of Human Rights


Different generation of human rights

Suggested Readings:

Natrajan , History of the Indian Press

 H. Barns, The Indian press

Amit Chaudhari, (Ed.), The Picador Book of Modern Indian Literature, London : Picador, 2001.

Rustom Bharucha, In the Name of the Secular : Contemporary Cultural Activism in India, Delhi : OUP,


Carol A Breekendridge, Consuming Modernity : Public Culture in Contemporary India, Delhi : OUP,


 Rachel Dwyer and Christopher Pinney, Pleasure and the Nation : the History, Politics and Consumption

of Public Culture in India, New Delhi OUP, 2001.

Peter Manuel, Cassettee Culture : Popular Music and Technology in North India, Chicago : Chicago

University Press, 1993.

Purnima Mankekar, Screening Culture, Viewing Politics : Television, Womanhood and Nation in

 Modern India, New Delhi : OUP, 2000.

David Page and William Crawley, Sattelites Over South Asia, New Delhi : Sage, 2001.

Arvind Rajagopal, Politics After Television : Hindu Nationalism and the Reshaping of the Public in India,

Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Yves Thorval, The Cinema of India, (1896-2000), New Delhi, Macmillan, 2000.

Ravi S Vasudevan, (ed.), Making Meaning of Indian Cinema, New Delhi : OUP, 2000.

M. Madhava Prasad, Ideology of the Hindu Film : A Historical Construction, Delhi OUP, 1998.

Sumita S. Chakravarty, National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema, 1947-1987, Delhi : OUP, 1996.

 Ability Enhancement Compulsory (Course (AECC) 2:

Gandhi, Ambedkar

syotiba Phule

Sri Narayans wamy